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Secondary Metabolites: Ubiquinol Biosynthesis 2
Last Updated: 2018-12-22
The biosynthesis of ubiquinol starts the interaction of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid interacting with an octaprenyl diphosphate. The former compound comes from the chorismate interacting with a chorismate lyase resulting in the release of a pyruvic acid and a 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. On the other hand, the latter compound, octaprenyl diphosphate is the result of a farnesyl pyrophosphate interacting with an isopentenyl pyrophosphate through an octaprenyl diphosphate synthase resulting in the release of a pyrophosphate and an octaprenyl diphosphate. The 4-hydroxybenzoic acid interacts with octaprenyl diphosphate through a 4-hydroxybenzoate octaprenyltransferase resulting in the release of a pyrophosphate and a 3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate. The latter compound then interacts with a hydrogen ion through a 3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate carboxy-lyase resulting in the release of a carbon dioxide and a 2-octaprenylphenol. The latter compound interacts with an oxygen molecule and a hydrogen ion through a NADPH driven 2-octaprenylphenol hydroxylase resulting in a NADP, a water molecule and a 2-octaprenyl-6-hydroxyphenol. The 2-octaprenyl-6-hydroxyphenol interacts with an S-adenosylmethionine through a bifunctional 3-demethylubiquinone-8 3-O-methyltransferase and 2-octaprenyl-6-hydroxyphenol methylase resulting in the release of a hydrogen ion, an s-adenosylhomocysteine and a 2-methoxy-6-(all-trans-octaprenyl)phenol. The latter compound then interacts with an oxygen molecule and a hydrogen ion through a NADPH driven 2-octaprenyl-6-methoxyphenol hydroxylase resulting in a NADP, a water molecule and a 2-methoxy-6-all trans-octaprenyl-2-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinol. The latter compound interacts with a S-adenosylmethionine through a bifunctional 2-octaprenyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone methylase and S-adenosylmethionine:2-DMK methyltransferase resulting in a s-adenosylhomocysteine, a hydrogen ion and a 6-methoxy-3-methyl-2-all-trans-octaprenyl-1,4-benzoquinol. The 6-methoxy-3-methyl-2-all-trans-octaprenyl-1,4-benzoquinol. interacts with a reduced acceptor, an oxygen molecule through a 2-octaprenyl-3-methyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone hydroxylase resulting in the release of a water molecule, an oxidized electron acceptor and a 3-demethylubiquinol-8. The latter compound then interacts with a S-adenosylmethionine through a bifunctional 3-demethylubiquinone-8 3-O-methyltransferase and 2-octaprenyl-6-hydroxyphenol methylase resulting in a hydrogen ion, a S-adenosylhomocysteine and a ubiquinol 8.
Secondary Metabolites: Ubiquinol Biosynthesis 2 References
Alexander K, Young IG: Alternative hydroxylases for the aerobic and anaerobic biosynthesis of ubiquinone in Escherichia coli. Biochemistry. 1978 Oct 31;17(22):4750-5.Pubmed: 365223
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