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2-Oxoglutarate Decarboxylation to Succinyl-CoA
Last Updated: 2019-09-12
2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex is consisted of oxoglutarate decarboxylase, dihydrolipoyl succinyltransferase and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase), which is a rate-limiting enzyme of the citric acid cycle (TCA cycle) in prokaryote. The reaction that catalyzed by 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex can be generalized as 2-oxoglutarate + coenzyme A + NAD+ â†’ succinyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH. During the OGDHC reaction cycle, 2-oxoglutarate is bound and decarboxylated by E1(o), a thiamin-diphosphate cofactor containing enzyme. The succinyl group is transferred to the lipoyl domain of E2(o) where it is carried to the active site and transferred to coenzyme A, forming succinyl-CoA. During this transfer the lipoyl group is reduced to dihydrolipoyl. The succinyl-CoA is released and the lipoyl domain of E2(o) is oxidized by E3 via transfer of protons to NAD, forming NADH and regenerating the lipoyl group back to lipoyllysine for another cycle. Under aerobic growth conditions the OGDHC not only catalyzes a key reaction in the TCA cycle, it also provides succinyl-CoA for methionine and lysine biosynthesis, the latter pathway also leading to peptidoglycan biosynthesis. The synthesis of the OGDHC is repressed by anaerobiosis and is also subject to glucose repression. It is induced by aerobic growth on acetate. (EcoCyc)
2-Oxoglutarate Decarboxylation to Succinyl-CoA References
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