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Succinyl CoA: 3-Ketoacid CoA Transferase Deficiency
Last Updated: 2019-08-16
Succinyl CoA: 3-Ketoacid CoA Transferase (SCOT) deficiency is a rare inherited metabolic disorder causing reduction of ketone body utilization. In normal functioning patients, ketone bodies such as Acetoacetate (AcAc) and 3‐hydroxybutyrate (3HB) are metabolized inside the liver from free fatty acids. Next, ketone bodies are transported to extrahepatic tissues via the blood stream. Once in extrahepatic tissues, SCOT converts AcAc to acetoacetyl‐CoA and T2 cleaves acetoacetyl‐CoA into acetyl‐CoA. This process is crucial for producing alternative energy sources to glucose in order to maintain blood glucose levels. Patients with SCOT deficiency have this process disturbed and ketoacidosis which is the acidification of the bloodstream due to excess ketone body accumulation, can occur. Current treatments include avoiding actions that could onset ketoacidosis such as fasting and early infusion of glucose. The severity of SCOT deficiency differs from patient to patient. Some exhibit severe genotypes where ketones are always in abundance in the body, while others could have mild genotypes with no preeminent ketosis however both could exhibit ketoacidotic episodes.
Succinyl CoA: 3-Ketoacid CoA Transferase Deficiency References
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Ketone Body Metabolism References
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This pathway was propagated using PathWhiz - Pon, A. et al. Pathways with PathWhiz (2015) Nucleic Acids Res. 43(Web Server issue): W552–W559.
Propagated from SMP0000569
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