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Secondary Metabolites: Isoprenoid Biosynthesis (Nonmevalonate Pathway)
Last Updated: 2018-12-21
The biosynthesis of isoprenoids starts with a D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate interacting with a hydrogen ion through a 1-deoxyxylulose-5-phosphate synthase resulting in a carbon dioxide and 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose. The latter compound then interacts with a hydrogen ion through a NADPH driven 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase resulting in a NADP and a 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate. The latter compound then interacts with a cytidine triphosphate and a hydrogen ion through a 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase resulting in a pyrophosphate and a 4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol. The latter compound is then phosphorylated through an ATP driven 4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methylerythritol kinase resulting in a release of an ADP, a hydrogen ion and a 2-phospho-4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol. The latter compound then interacts with a 2C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase resulting in the release of a 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-2,4-cyclodiphosphate resulting in the release of a cytidine monophosphate and 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-2,4-cyclodiphosphate. The latter compound then interacts with a reduced flavodoxin through a 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate synthase resulting in the release of a water molecule, a hydrogen ion, an oxidized flavodoxin and a 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate. The compound 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate can interact with an NADPH,a hydrogen ion through a 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase resulting in a NADP, a water molecule and either a Dimethylallylpyrophosphate or a Isopentenyl pyrophosphate. These two last compounds can be are isomers that can be produced through a isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase.and then get incorporated into the methylerythritol phosphate and polyisoprenoid biosynthesis pathway
Secondary Metabolites: Isoprenoid Biosynthesis (Nonmevalonate Pathway) References
Heuston S, Begley M, Gahan CG, Hill C: Isoprenoid biosynthesis in bacterial pathogens. Microbiology. 2012 Jun;158(Pt 6):1389-401. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.051599-0. Epub 2012 Mar 30.Pubmed: 22466083
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